Caravans, trailers and motorhomes

Caravans, trailers and motorhomes

If you’re planning to tow a trailer or caravan, you’ll need to check your licence allows you to do so.

  • If you passed your test before 1 January 1997, you’re generally allowed to drive a vehicle and trailer combination up to 8.25 tonnes.
  • If you passed your test on or after 1 January 1997, you may tow a trailer behind a category B* vehicle, as long as the trailer isn’t over 750 kg, You may tow a trailer over 750 kg MAM as long as it is no more than the unladen weight of the towing vehicle (with a combined weight of up to 3,500 kg in total).

*A category B vehicle is a four-wheeled vehicle with a maximum authorised mass (MAM) of no more than 3.5 tonnes, which has not more than eight passenger seats (ie not including the driver’s seat).

For more information about the licence rules for towing with a car, see GOV.UK.

Find out how to tow a caravan safely in the Driver Knowledge Centre.

If you need to upgrade your driving licence to tow a caravan, you’ll have to take a practical test covering

  • an eyesight check
  • five ‘show me, tell me’ vehicle safety questions
  • driving on the road including dual carriageways, one-way systems and reversing
  • coupling and uncoupling.

The test costs £115 if you take it on a weekday: see GOV.UK for full details of practical test fees.

For more information about the car and trailer (B+E entitlement) practical test, see GOV.UK.

Motorhomes are usually large vehicles so you’ll need to make sure your licence allows you to drive one before you get behind the wheel. The licence you need depends on your age and the vehicle’s maximum authorised mass (MAM). This is the vehicle’s weight plus the maximum load it can carry.

  • To drive a motorhome with a MAM of between 3.5 and 7.5 tonnes, you need a category C1 licence.
  • To drive a motorhome with a MAM of over 7.5 tonnes, you need a category C licence.

To find out more about driving a motorhome, see GOV.UK.

If you need to upgrade your licence, see GOV.UK for more information.